Olea europae
Olive

Oleaceae (Olive Family)
Origin: Mediterranean

SPECIES CHARACTERISTICS:
Evergreen, broadleaf tree. Slow growth rate. Round to oval.
FOLIAGE:
Simple leaf, alternate arrangement, linear to oblanceolate in shape. Entire margins, coriaceous surface texture. 2 - 3" long, 1/2 - 3/4" wide. Olive green above, light gray-green below.
FLOWER:

Small, creamy white. Late Spring - Summer.
FRUIT:

Succulent, indehiscent, drupe, and edible. Green to black at maturity . 1 - 1 1/2" in size. Fall.
STEM/TRUNK:
Multi-trunk or low branching, forming bureled trunk with age.
BARK:
Smooth, thin gray bark.
EXPOSURE:
Full sun, wind, heat, and cold; Hardiness: Sunset zones:
8, 9, 11 - 24.
SOIL:
Any, well drained.
WATER:
Low water needs.
PESTS/DISEASE:
Scale.
PRUNING:
To shape, remove flowering and fruiting branches to minimize fruit drop. Remove trunk sprouts.

PROPAGATION:
Cuttings.
USES:
Accent, background, edible fruit, espalier, foliage, right of way, screen, shade, seasonal color, specimen, and windbreak.
COMMENTS:
Fruit drop can be a nuisance.

 

 

 

 

 

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City of Los Angeles - Department of Public Works
Bureau of Street Services