Magnolia grandiflora
Southern Magnolia
Magnoliaceae (Magnolia family)
Origin: United States (South East)

SPECIES CHARACTERISTICS:
Evergreen, broadleaf tree. Moderate growth rate, 30 - 60' in height, 20 - 40' spread. pyramidal to oval in shape.
FOLIAGE:
Simple leaf, pinnate venation, alternate arrangement. Oblong to obovate leaf shape. Entire somewhat undulate margins. Coriaceous and pubescent underneath. 3 - 10" long & 2 - 4" wide. Glossy deep green above rusty brown underside.
FLOWER:

Perfect; fragrant, white. 6 - 10" in size, very showy. Summer.
FRUIT:

Dry, dehiscent, cone shaped pod. Green in color. 3 - 4" long, covered with brown fuzz and revealing bright red seeds when ripe. Fall.
STEM/TRUNK:
Straight -single trunk.
BARK:
Smooth, gray when young. Maturing to dark brown platelets. ROOTS:
May be invasive with age and shallow watering.
EXPOSURE:
Full sun, wind, heat, cold;
Hardiness: Sunset zones: 4 - 12, 14 - 24.
SOIL:
Rich, loamy well drained soil, neutral to slightly acid.
WATER:
Supplemental water, but drought tolerant when mature. FERTILIZER:
Chelated iron, when foliage is chlorotic.
PESTS/DISEASES:
Very few pest problems, slugs, aphids, spider mites.
PRUNING:
To provide clearance; requires very little pruning.
PROPAGATION:
Seed - cuttings.
USES:
Accent, background, fragrant, foliage, flower arrangements, foundation planting, patio tree, right of way, shade, seasonal color, specimen,
COMMENTS:

Leaf drop may cause litter problems.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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City of Los Angeles - Department of Public Works
Bureau of Street Services